Drug resistant gonorrhea slowly establishing its roots

 

 Men at higher risk than women

 

Gonorrhea cases, often are prevalent in men and women under age of 25 and are treatable with certain antibiotics as observed in New Zeeland. Increased cases of resistance to antibiotics have been reported over time. This is closely linked to the increased use all over the state of molecular detection tests for gonorrhea and other STIs and this has in return reduced the samples that are submitted for culture and follow up screening. This makes it difficult for the clinicians to optimize treatment for each patient.

 

A survey done to observe any pattern to antimicrobial resistance among nearly 2000 patients was done. The researchers observed that the resistance rates decreased between 2013 and 2016 nut still were too high to be dependable forms of treatment. In the year 2016, 31% and 22% of samples were observed to be resistant to ciprofloxacin and tetracycline respectively. In addition, addition 7% was resistant to penicillin. However, between 2008 and 2016 resistances cases were higher at rates of 42% for tetracycline, 22% for ciprofloxacin and 21% for penicillin. For this threshold level the WHO still recommends their use for treatment of these STIs.

 

All indications point towards a drug resistant gonorrhea

 

A concern for the rapid drop in resistance rates over the eight year –period is a likely indication that Neisseria gonorrhea strain that confer resistance and their vast capacity to spread still do exist and are increasing at the same time. This was more evident with the treatment failure with the clones and thus setting pressure to the limited strains of antibiotics present. However, clinicians should not be complacent to offer help since it would lead to adverse effects with pelvic inflammatory diseases to neonatal eye diseases increased rate.

 

For this reason, better methods should be employed to pick-up the antibiotic resistance and ensure patients get adequate and quality treatment. Developments also are required at the testing level to ensure rapid and individualized therapy for patients suffering from these STIs and also preservation of samples for further culturing. Private STD testing is the surest way to know whether you have a sexually transmitted infection. Go get one right now!